The International Journal of Neuroscience vol:77 issue:3-4 pages:267-75
The pyrogenic potential of natural and recombinant human IL-1 beta in rabbits was found to be very similar when the substances were given intravenously. Under these conditions, stabilization of rIL-1 beta with human serum albumin (HSA) failed to affect the pyrogenic activity of recombinant IL-1 beta. When the two preparations were administered directly into the PO/AH area of the brain, recombinant IL-1 beta was less pyrogenic than its natural counterpart. This lower pyrogenicity of recombinant IL-1 beta was corrected if the injected material contained HSA, which is known to stabilize in vitro the biological activities of IL-1 beta against slow degradation. The possibility is now considered that the central and peripheral systems for IL-1 inactivation are different. The existence of an intrabrain IL-1 pool is suggested and its significance for neuroimmunomodulation is stressed.