Mineral and Electrolyte Metabolism vol:25 issue:4-6 pages:345-8
The activated form of vitamin D(3), 1alpha,25(OH)(2)D(3), not only plays a central role in bone and calcium metabolism but has also potent antiproliferative and prodifferentiating effects. Moreover, the combined presence of 25(OH)D(3)-1alpha-hydroxylase as well as the vitamin D receptor in several tissues introduced the idea of a paracrine role for 1alpha,25(OH)(2)D(3). By introducing chemical modifications into the flexible parent molecule 1alpha,25(OH)(2)D(3), a whole generation of vitamin D analogs was created. Due to a clear dissociation of the antiproliferative and prodifferentiating effects from calcemic effects, these analogs can be used not only for the treatment of bone disorders but also for non-classical applications.