Extensive density-matrix renormalization-group calculations for spin S=1/2 and S=3/2 disordered antiferromagnetic Heisenberg chains show a rather distinct behavior in the two cases. While at sufficiently strong disorder both systems are in a random singlet phase, we show that weak disorder is an irrelevant perturbation for the S=3/2 chain, contrary to what expected from a naive application of the Harris criterion. The observed irrelevance is attributed to the presence of a new correlation length due to enhanced end-to-end correlations. This phenomenon is expected to occur for all half-integer S>1/2 chains. A possible phase diagram of the chain for generic S is also discussed.