Molecular and cellular endocrinology vol:24 issue:1 pages:41-51
Phosphodiesterase activity was studied in cultures derived from 19-day-old rats and enriched with Sertoli cells. Pretreatment of such cultures with follicle-stimulating hormone or L-isoproterenol increased cAMP-phosphodiesterase activity 5.2 and 2.0 times, respectively. cGMP-phosphodiesterase activity was not affected. Similar effects were observed in freshly isolated cells. The stimulatory effect was enhanced by the phosphodiesterase inhibitor 3-isobutyl-1-methylxanthine and was mimicked by cholera toxin and dbcAMP. Increased activity was observed after a latent period of 1 h. Stimulation was blocked by cycloheximide and actinomycin D. The enzyme had an apparent Km for cAMP of 1.4 micro M. Its activity was enhanced by Mg2+ but not by Ca2+. It is concluded that phosphodiesterases play an important role in the hormonal control of Sertoli-cell function and may contribute to the refractory state of these cells after stimulation with various agonists.