Title: Bone and mineral metabolism in the androgen-resistant (testicular feminized) male rat
Authors: Vanderschueren, Dirk ×
Van Herck, Erik
Suiker, A M
Visser, W J
Schot, L P
Chung, K
Lucas, R S
Einhorn, T A
Bouillon, Roger #
Issue Date: Jul-1993
Publisher: Blackwell Science, Inc.
Series Title: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research vol:8 issue:7 pages:801-9
Abstract: Androgens have important effects on bone in vivo, possibly by direct activation of the androgen receptors in osteoblasts. To test this hypothesis, calcium homeostasis, bone mass, and bone turnover were evaluated in mature (4-month-old) androgen-resistant (testicular feminized, TFM) male rats. Data were compared with data from both female and male littermates of the same age and strain. Compared to normal males, TFM had similar serum testosterone, twofold higher estradiol and estrone, and sixfold higher androstenedione concentrations. Compared to normal females, TFM rats showed lower estradiol but also elevated concentrations of androstenedione and estrone. Despite similar free 1,25-(OH)2D3 concentrations, both TFM and male rats maintained higher serum calcium and phosphate concentrations than their female littermates. Serum IGF-I concentrations in TFM rats were decreased compared to male rats (-12%) or female rats (-27%). Serum osteocalcin concentrations, however, were twofold higher in TFM rats than in females but not significantly different from males. Femoral length, diameter, and cortical thickness were intermediate between those of males and females. The cancellous bone density of the femur and cancellous bone volume of the proximal metaphysis of the tibia, however, were not significantly different between groups. The ash weight of the tibia was also not significantly different, and the ash weight of the four distal lumbar vertebrae ranged between male and female values. Bone mechanical properties as measured by torsional strength and energy absorption of the femur were lower in TFM than in females but not different from males.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
ISSN: 0884-0431
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Clinical and Experimental Endocrinology
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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