Title: Identification of cross-reaction patterns in allergic contact dermatitis from topical corticosteroids
Authors: Coopman, S ×
Degreef, Hugo
Goossens, An #
Issue Date: Jul-1989
Series Title: British Journal of Dermatology vol:121 issue:1 pages:27-34
Abstract: Contact allergy to topical corticosteroids occurs more frequently than previously supposed. Cross-allergic phenomena are common. On the basis of a review of the literature and our own patch test data on 15 patients, we conclude that positive patchtests to corticosteroids occur approximately six to seven times more frequently in well-defined groups of structurally-related substances than between corticosteroids of different groups. An analogous substitution pattern on the steroid D-ring or the carbon side chain (C20, C21) seems to have a significant influence on the association of positive patchtest results. This is not the case for other structural variables, such as the presence of a double bond in the steroid A-ring or fluoride substitutions on the B-ring. The effect of other factors such as concomitant sensitization and steroid metabolism in the skin on the development of a corticosteroid polyallergy are analysed, and the specificity and sensitivity of cross-allergy phenomena are evaluated. These are important in the selection of a topical steroid in the future treatment of a corticosteroid sensitive patient.
ISSN: 0007-0963
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Laboratory of Dermatology
Laboratory of Dermatoimmunology (+)
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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