Title: The uremic guanidino compound guanidinosuccinic acid induces behavioral convulsions and concomitant epileptiform electrocorticographic discharges in mice
Authors: D'Hooge, Rudi ×
Pei, Y.Q.
Manil, J.
De Deyn, P.P. #
Issue Date: 1992
Publisher: Elsevier/North Holland
Series Title: Brain Research vol:598 issue:1/2 pages:316-320
Abstract: As yet, the in vivo epileptogenic properties of guanidinosuccinic acid (GSA) remained highly conjectural, still requiring the demonstration of GSA-induced behavioral convulsions accompanied by epileptiform electrographic discharges. Therefore, Swiss mice were injected intraperitoneally (i.p.) with increasing doses of GSA. Full-blown clonic or clonic-tonic convulsions appeared in a dose-dependent manner, with a median latency of about 25 min. CD50 (convulsive dose of the drug in 50% of the animals), the LD50 (lethal dose in 50%), and their 95% confidence limits for GSA suspensions in i.p. administration were 363 (287-458) mg/kg and 579 (445-756) mg/kg, respectively. In addition, four-channel electrocorticographic (ECoG) recordings were made in freely moving mice following the injection of 700 mg/kg (CD97). Epileptiform ECoG discharges coincided with the behavioral manifestation of the GSA-induced convulsions starting with initial decrease in amplitude, occasional spike-waves (10-20 min after injection), eventually leading to sustained spiking and spike-wave activity (30-50 min after injection). Clonic convulsions induced by a CD97 dose of GSA were only moderately attenuated by high doses of i.p. phenobarbital (20, 40 and 80 mg/kg), while tonic extension and lethal effects were dose-dependently blocked. A dose of 1000 mg/kg (CD97 for tonic extension) induced tonic extension in 100% of the animals, following treatment with 20 mg/kg of phenytoin none of the animals displayed tonic extension, and following 10 mg/kg only 30% of the animals displayed tonic extension, while the occurrence of clonic convulsions was not significantly attenuated
ISSN: 0006-8993
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Laboratory for Biological Psychology
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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