Comparing raloxifene with continuous combined estrogen-progestin therapy in postmenopausal women: Review of Euralox 1
Neven, Patrick × Quail, Deborah Marin, Fernando Creatsas, George Depypere, Herman Rechberger, Tomasz Liu-Léage, Soyi Pavo, Imre Schmitt, Henri Nickelsen, Thomas #
Maturitas vol:52 issue:2 pages:87-101
OBJECTIVES: To review the main findings of the Euralox 1 study - a multicentre, randomised, double-blind study conducted in 1008 healthy postmenopausal women allocated to raloxifene (n = 495) or continuous combined estrogen-progestin therapy (ccEPT; n = 513) for 6 months -- and provide an overview of the risks and benefits of raloxifene and ccEPT. METHODS: A review is provided of previously published findings on uterine safety (bleeding rates and changes in endometrial thickness and uterine volume), gynaecological adjudication, cardiovascular risk (lipids, fibrinogen), adverse events, compliance, treatment satisfaction and quality of life. New data on biochemical markers of bone turnover (serum N-telopeptides and C-terminal telopeptides of type I collagen; NTX and CTX) assessed before and after 6 months' treatment are presented. RESULTS: Raloxifene caused less uterine bleeding than ccEPT and, unlike ccEPT, did not alter endometrial thickness or uterine volume. Serum CTX and NTX levels were reduced in both treatment groups, but the reduction was significantly greater with ccEPT. The two treatments had differential effects on lipids and fibrinogen levels; raloxifene had more favourable effects on serum HDL, the LDL/HDL ratio, and plasma fibrinogen. Raloxifene was associated with fewer adverse events or discontinuations, and this was associated with higher treatment satisfaction and better self-reported compliance. CONCLUSIONS: The clinical risk-benefit profile of raloxifene derived from the intermediate endpoints of this study suggests that it may be a better alternative to ccEPT for preventing long-term postmenopausal health risks in healthy postmenopausal women who are not suffering from vasomotor symptoms.