Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology vol:40 issue:6 pages:405-10
The predictive value of the Neonatal Neurological Examination (NNE) adapted from Prechtl (1977) and the Infant Motor Screen (IMS) from Nickel (1989) at 4 months was studied in severely jaundiced infants in Zimbabwe. Fifty infants were examined with the NNE, 41 with the IMS and 43 with the Bayley Scales of Infant Development (BSID) (Bayley 1969). Five infants had choreoathetosis and six had a motor delay at age 1 year. The NNE and IMS proved to be sensitive instruments particularly when two infants who became malnourished after the neonatal period were excluded. Logistic regression was used to investigate the relation between the BSID and five selected predictors from the NNE. This resulted in a correct classification of 93%. By using only the predictors acoustic blink and traction response, 80% of the infants were correctly classified but the number of false negatives was reduced from three to one.