European Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology and Reproductive Biology vol:92 issue:1 pages:171-8
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the presence and outcome of uterine vascular malformations in women with abnormal premenopausal bleeding. STUDY DESIGN: In this observational study 265 consecutive patients with abnormal premenopausal bleeding were examined by the same ultrasonographer with transvaginal gray-scale ultrasonography and color Doppler imaging. A final diagnosis of uterine vascular malformation was based on ultrasonographic findings, hysteroscopy or histological findings. Patients suspected of uterine vascular malformations at ultrasonography were closely monitored. RESULTS: In nine patients (3.4%) we found ultrasonographic features of uterine vascular malformations. Color Doppler imaging showed hypervascularity, marked turbulence, and low-impedance, high-velocity flow. In six patients the condition resolved spontaneously. Two patients with hydatiform mole needed chemotherapy and their condition normalized. One patient underwent a selective embolization of the uterine artery. Subsequently, five patients had uncomplicated pregnancies after resolution of the vascular malformation. CONCLUSION: Uterine vascular malformations are more common than previously thought. We conclude that conservative management is a valuable option in many of the acquired pregnancy-related cases that are diagnosed with color Doppler imaging.