A 5-year-old girl presented with short stature. She was found to have rickets due to renal phosphate wasting and nephrocalcinosis. Serum parathyroid hormone was suppressed, 25-OH vitamin D was within the normal range, and 1,25-(OH)(2 )vitamin D was elevated. In addition, she had hypercalciuria, proteinuria, which was partially tubular in origin, and a reduced glomerular filtration rate of 58 ml/min per 1.73 m(2). Treatment with phosphate supplements resulted in healing of the rickets and normalization of the serum 1,25-(OH)(2 )vitamin D level. This patient is an example of hypercalciuric rickets, most likely due to an inherited disorder of phosphate metabolism. Hypercalciuric rickets can be inherited as an autosomal recessive as well as autosomal dominant trait.