International Congress on Juvenile Criminology Research edition:13 location:Liège (B) date:26-28 May 1999
This study is part of a larger research project in which the interaction between parenting skills, context, characteristics of parents and children and behavior (problems) of children and youngsters is examined. The results will be used to make suggestions to policies concerning the development of programs for early intervention in families and the prevention of juvenile delinquency.
Several authors have suggested a link between parenting and the development of antisocial behavior in children and adolescents (Chamberlain, 1994; Farrington, 1995; Loeber, 1987, 1990; Loeber & Dishion, 1983; Patterson e.a., 1992). Attention has been focused on the following skills: monitoring, discipline, positive reinforcement, positive involvement, problem-solving.
However, there are no diagnostic instruments available measuring specifically these parenting skills.
In the context of the research project, a questionnaire was developped in order to concretise these constructs. For each theoretical construct, a minimum set of 10 items was designed, with a total of 58 items. Items had to be rated by parents on a 5-point Likertscale ranging from 1 (never) to 5 (always).
In a pilot study the questionnaire was tested. Subjects were 258 families (478 mothers and fathers) with a child between 8 and 14 years old. LISREL was used to explore the latent structure of the items. In a first step, a fitting model was found for the sample of the mothers, indicating that it is possible to measure (some of) the theoretical constructs. Secondly, the model for mothers could be confirmed in the sample of fathers. Possibilities and necessary adaptations of this instrument will be discussed.
Programma, p. 37.