Echocardiography-a journal of cardiovascular ultrasound and allied techniques vol:17 issue:7 pages:639-651
The objective was to compare velocity information derived from either a tissue mimicking phantom or normal contracting myocardium by both pulsed wave and color Doppler myocardial imaging (PWDMI and CDMI). Both CDMI and PWDMI allow quantitative assessment of regional myocardial contraction and relaxation velocities, but their potential clinical applications have not yet been investigated. Moreover, no information is available as to whether they can be used interchangeably for regional velocity assessment. For the in vitro study, a rotating, circular-shaped, tissue-mimicking sponge driven by a motor at speeds of 15, 30, 60, 90 rpm was used to derive velocity data from the same eight points of interest by using PWDMI or CDMI techniques. For the in vivo study, 25 normal subjects were examined at rest using parasternal and apical approaches. Velocity profiles were derived from the same 26 areas of interest (18 left ventricular segments, 3 right ventricular segments, and 5 measurement points for the tricuspid and mitral annuli) for each technique. Peak maximal velocities were detected by PWDMI and peak mean velocities were measured using CDMI. The results of the in vitro study phantom showed excellent correlation (r = 0.99, P < 0.001) and satisfactory agreement (0.04 cm/sec; 3.3 cm/sec) between both Doppler techniques. PWDMI velocities were higher than CDMI velocities by up to 20% and overestimated the real velocity value (0.37 +/- 0.29 cm/sec) while CDMI underestimated predicted velocity by 1.35 +/- 0.36 cm/sec. Good correlation (r = 0.87, P < 0.001), but poor agreement (-2.1 cm/sec; 5.4 cm/sec) was shown in vivo for all segments with regard to peak systolic and diastolic velocities. Both Doppler techniques cannot be used interchangeably for comparing peak velocities in, the clinical situation. However, with adequate temporal resolution, they can be used interchangeably for velocity profile recording and for timing of events.