The Journal of the American Association of Gynecologic Laparoscopists vol:2 issue:2 pages:181-5
The use of the carbon dioxide (CO2) laser for laparoscopic enterocele repair was evaluated in four women with an enterocele as the only pathology. Three women had a large enterocele after earlier hysterectomy, and one young woman had a congenital enterocele. The technique consists of vaporizing the peritoneum of the enterocele; however, it is important first to delineate carefully the lesion's circumference because of the strong retraction during vaporization. Subsequently, a posterior culdotomy is performed taking care to restore the horizontal position of the upper vaginal axis by shortening the uterosacral ligaments, which are sutured together on the midline and the posterior vaginal wall. The (CO2) laser has the advantage that the superficial vaporization it produces is rapid (<5 min), safe, and completely bloodless. The shrinking during vaporization facilitates subsequent repair. Postoperative morbidity and recovery were uneventful for all patients. The (CO2) laser seems to have some advantages over sharp endoscopic resection of enteroceles. The relative simplicity of technique and the low postoperative morbidity suggest that endoscopy could become routine in pelvic floor surgery, improving diagnosis and complementing vaginal surgery while avoiding laparotomy.