|Title: ||Potential MRI contrast agents based on micellar incorporation of amphiphilic bis(alkylamide) derivatives of [(Gd-DTPA)(H2O)]2-|
|Authors: ||Kimpe, Kristof|
Vander Elst, Luce
Muller, Robert N.
Binnemans, Koen #
|Issue Date: ||2003 |
|Conference: ||8th International Symposium on Metallomesogens (ISM2003) location:Namur (Belgium) date:28-31 May 2003|
|Article number: ||P3|
|Abstract: ||MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) contrast agents are routinely used in medicine because they are able to produce reliable results that help in rapid clinical interpretation of images and simultaneously improve the patient turnover. Most of the commonly used contrast agents achieve their effect by enhancing the relaxation rate of water protons in tissues. In general contrast agents consist of a paramagnetic metal centre, typically Gd3+, which is complexed with a strong chelating ligand, since the free metal ions are toxic at the concentrations needed for diagnosis[1-2].
In recent years complexes of lanthanides with diethylenetriamine-N,N,N,’N,”N”-pentaacetate (DTPA5-) and with its amide derivatives have attracted considerable attention. The anionic [Gd(DTPA)(H2O)]2-, the first contrast agent approved for use in humans, is nowadays routinely used in clinical magnetic resonance imaging for contrast enhancement under the name Magnevist® (Schering, Berlin, Germany). This paramagnetic complex contains one inner-sphere water molecule [3-6] that exchanges rapidly  with the bulk water in the human body, therefore providing an efficient mechanism for the enhancement of the relaxation rates of the water protons.
In attempt to achieve higher proton relaxivity, DTPA-bisamide derivatives with alkyl chains consisting of 14, 16, and 18 carbon atoms were synthesized and complexes of various trivalent lanthanide ions (Ln = Gd, La, Pr, Eu) were formed. Variable temperature proton NMR spectroscopy of paramagnetic praseodynium(III) and europium(III) complexes revealed that long aliphatic substituents considerably increase the energy barrier for the intramolecular rearrangement around the lanthanide ion. The gadolinium(III) complexes were incorporated into mixed micelles (DPPC and Tween 80®) and photon correlation spectroscopy showed that the mean sizes of all the micelles were within the same range. The NMRD-curves of all three DTPA-bisamide-gadolinium complexes incorporated in mixed micelles display higher relaxivity values than the commercially available Gd-DTPA contrast agent. The higher relaxivity obtained for the micellar DTPA-bisamide-gadolinium complexes with C14 and C16 chains as compared to the micellar DTPA-bisamide-Gd(III) complex with C18 chain could be attributed to the fact that the alkyl chain consisting of 18 carbon atoms is longer than the alkyl chain of the major component of the micelles, DPPC, in which it is inserted. This allows an increased mobility of the polar head and hence a lower relaxivity.
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|Description: ||poster presented by Kristof Kimpe|
|Publication status: ||published|
|KU Leuven publication type: ||IMa|
|Appears in Collections:||Molecular Design and Synthesis|