Title: Cultural affordances and emotional experience: Socially engaging and disengaging emotions in Japan and the United States
Authors: Kitayama, Shinobu ×
Mesquita, Batja
Karasawa, Mayumi #
Issue Date: Nov-2006
Publisher: American Psychological Association
Series Title: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology vol:91 issue:5 pages:890-903
Abstract: The authors hypothesized that whereas Japanese culture encourages socially engaging emotions (e.g., friendly feelings and guilt), North American culture fosters socially disengaging emotions (e.g., pride and anger). In two cross-cultural studies, the authors measured engaging and disengaging emotions repeatedly over different social situations and found support for this hypothesis. As predicted, Japanese showed a pervasive tendency to reportedly experience engaging emotions more strongly than they experienced disengaging emotions, but Americans showed a reversed tendency. Moreover, as also predicted, Japanese subjective well-being (i.e., the experience of general positive feelings) was more closely associated with the experience of engaging positive emotions than with that of disengaging emotions. Americans tended to show the reversed pattern. The established cultural differences in the patterns of emotion suggest the consistent and systematic cultural shaping of emotion over time. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2008 APA, all rights reserved)
ISSN: 0022-3514
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Social and Cultural Psychology
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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