Elsevier on behalf of the Federation of European Biochemical Societies
FEBS Letters vol:573 issue:1-3 pages:55-60
In this study, we describe the cloning and the characterization of the third FMRFamide-related peptide (FaRP) receptor in Caenorhabditis elegans, the VRFa receptor 1. Numerous structurally different FaRPs were synthesized and used to screen the orphan C26F1.6 receptor for activation. Two peptides ending in M(orL)VRFamide elicited a calcium response in receptor expressing mammalian cells. The response is dose-dependent and appeared to be very specific, since very closely related FaRPs were less active, even the other peptides ending in M(orL)VRFamide. Pharmacological profiling of the most active peptide suggests that SMVRFa is the most active binding core. N-terminal extension decreases peptide activity.