Methods and findings in experimental and clinical pharmacology vol:22 issue:1 pages:19-23
To evaluate the role of interleukin-2 (IL-2) in the inhibition of the proliferation of human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) by calcium channel blockade, the effect of nifedipine, which blocks the L-type calcium channel on the proliferation, the IL-2 expression and the IL-2 production in human PBMC, was compared with the effect of mibefradil, which blocks both L- and T-type calcium channels with a more selective blockade of T-type channels. The rate of [3H]-thymidine incorporation into control and concanavalin A-induced PBMC in the presence or absence of the calcium channel blockers nifedipine or mibefradil (1, 10 or 50 microM) was assayed in the cells cultured for 3 days. The cellular cytotoxicity and the cell number in growing cultures was also determined in nifedipine- or mibefradil-treated control or stimulated cells. Restoration of the proliferative response in nifedipine- or mibefradil-treated cells was investigated by addition of exogenous IL-2. IL-2 receptor expression in the cells was monitored using antiactivated T-cell antigen (Tac) antibody, and the IL-2 production in the cell supernatants of the cultures was determined by an enzyme amplified sensitive immunoassay. Nifedipine and mibefradil concentration-dependently reduced the cell number and [3H]-thymidine incorporation or the do novo DNA synthesis in control and concanavalin A-stimulated human PBMC. The proliferative response of nifedipine- or mibefradil-treated cells was restored by addition of exogenous IL-2. The normal expression of IL-2 receptors was preserved while the IL-2 production was blocked in the presence of nifedipine or mibefradil.