Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology vol:39 issue:12 pages:821-6
The early identification of neurological dysfunction in the neonatal period, the predictive value of single items of the neonatal neurological examination (NNE) adapted from Prechtl and the developmental outcome at 1 year of age in infants with a low Apgar score in Zimbabwe were studied. One hundred and sixty-five infants were examined with the NNE and 142 with the Bayley Scale of Infant Development (BSID) at 1 year of age. Twenty-three infants had cerebral palsy, ten had a motor delay or developmental delay, and four were mentally retarded. The NNE proved to be a sensitive instrument for detecting neurodevelopmental abnormality. Logistic regression analysis was used to investigate the relationship between the BSID and nine selected predictors from the NNE. This resulted in a correct classification of 94%. However, the number of false negatives was high. By using only the variability of movements and fixation as predictors the number of false negatives was reduced to one.