American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology vol:179 issue:1 pages:62-70
OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to compare the screening effectiveness and acceptability of transvaginal ultrasonography (with sonohysterography if endometrial thickness was >4 mm) with office hysteroscopy. STUDY DESIGN: This randomized crossover study comprised 53 consecutive asymptomatic (without vaginal bleeding) postmenopausal patients with breast cancer who had taken tamoxifen (20 or 40 mg/day) for at least 6 months. RESULTS: Two patients had endometrial cancer (1 primary, 1 breast secondary), both detected only by transvaginal ultrasonography. Twenty-six patients had at least 1 polyp (total 47, all benign). The women who had polyps were not significantly different in their age, body mass, months of tamoxifen intake, or the cumulative dose. The sensitivity and specificity of transvaginal ultrasonography were 85% and 100%, respectively. The corresponding values for office hysteroscopy were 77% and 92%. It was significant that more patients preferred transvaginal ultrasonography to hysteroscopy (P < .001). CONCLUSION: Transvaginal ultrasonography (plus sonohysterography) may be more effective and acceptable than office hysteroscopy for detecting endometrial abnormalities in women taking tamoxifen.