International Journal of Food Microbiology vol:125 issue:3 pages:320-329
The effect of monopotassium phosphate (KH2PO4) on the chemical environment and on growth of Listeria innocua and Lactococcus lactis in coculture were investigated in a liquid and in a gelled Microbiological medium at 12 degrees C and an initial pH of 6.2. As expected, addition of KH2PO4 to both the liquid and gelled media resulted in an increase in buffering capacity. This effect on buffering capacity changed the profiles of lactic acid dissociation and pH evolution. At all gelatin concentrations Studied, addition of KH2PO4 increased the growth rate and the stationary cell concentration of L. lactis. In addition, the growth rate of L. innocua slightly increased but, in contrast, the stationary cell concentration remained unchanged. A new class of predictive models developed previously in our research team to quantify the effect of food model gel structure on microbial growth [Antwi, M.. Bernaerts. K., Van Impe, J. F., Geeraerd, A. H., 2007. Modelling the combined effect of food model system and lactic acid on L. innocua and L lactis growth in mono- and coculture. international journal of Food Microbiology 120, 71-84] was applied. Our analysis indicate that KH2PO4 influenced the parameters of the chemical and microbiological subprocesses of the model. Nonetheless, the growth model satisfactorily predicted the stationary cell concentration when (i) the Undissociated lactic acid concentrations at which L. innocua and L. lactis growth cease were chosen as previously reported, and (ii) all other parameters of the chemical and microbiological subprocesses were computed for each medium. This confirms that the undissociated lactic acid concentrations at which growth ceases is a unique property of a bacterium and does not, within our case study, depend on growth medium. The study indicates that microbial growth depends on the interplay between the individual food components which affect the physicochemical properties of the food, such as the buffering capacity. Towards future research, it can be concluded that mathematical models which embody the effect of buffering capacity are needed for accurate predictions of microbial growth in food systems. (c) 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.