Microfluidics and Nanofluidics vol:7 issue:3 pages:393-406
A model-based methodology was developed to optimize microfluidic chips for the simultaneous enzymatic quantification of sucrose, d-glucose and d-fructose in a single microfluidic channel with an integrated optical detection system. The assays were based on measuring the change in concentration of the reaction product NADH, which is stoichiometrically related to the concentration of those components via cascade of specific enzymatic reactions. A reduced order mathematical model that combines species transport, enzyme reaction, and electrokinetic bulk flow was developed to describe the operation of the microfluidic device. Using this model, the device was optimized to minimize sensor response time and maximize signal output by manipulating the process conditions such as sample and reagent volume and flow rate. According to this simulation study, all sugars were quantified within 2.5 min in the optimized microchip. A parallel implementation of the assays can further improve the throughput. In addition, the amount of consumed reagents was drastically reduced compared to microplate format assays. The methodology is generic and can easily be adapted to other enzymatic microfluidic chips.