Optics and Lasers in Engineering vol:47 issue:3-4 pages:292-300
Dimensional inspection tasks are often carried out on conventional Coordinate Measuring Machines (CMMs). These CMMs can differ in layout and size depending on the application area. They can have measurement volumes up to 100 m3. However, when measuring large objects it is not always possible to bring a large object to these conventional CMMs. That’s why for these applications mobile measuring systems are an ideal solution. These systems often measure the dimensions through optical techniques, like interferometry and optical triangulation. After a short survey of common optical measurement techniques for mobile and large scale measurements, this paper focuses on two industrial cases where different techniques were used to solve a measurement problem. The first case covers the measurement of a large iron casting with an optical LED based triangulation system. It was possible to predict problems that would occur with the machining of the part, like unfinished surfaces after milling due to material shortage, and adapt the alignment of the part to prevent these problems. The second case covers the measurement of a double-decker train by means of photogrammetry, as an alternative for the currently used total station. Despite some specific drawbacks of photogrammetry systems it was possible to obtain the same accuracy and to reduce the overall inspection time significantly in comparison with the current situation.