Surgical endoscopy: ultrasound and interventional techniques vol:21 issue:11 pages:2111
BACKGROUND: Hemorrhage from portal and hepatic veins is a major concern with laparoscopic right hepatectomy (LRH). The standard hilar approach is dissection of the portal pedicle outside the liver parenchyma with separate transection of the right hepatic artery, portal vein, and bile duct. Variations in anatomy can hamper vascular and biliary control. The intrahepatic Glissonian access avoids these risks by en masse ligation of the portal structures without dissection for each separately. This technique was performed laparoscopically for the last 2 among 10 LRHs, and the results are presented. METHODS: Total LRH was performed under ultrasound assistance for two patients with malignancy. After lymph node sampling at the hepatoduodenal ligament, dissection was started with the incision of liver parenchyma posterior and anterior to the hilum, then continued outside the portal pedicle bifurcation toward the right and left sheaths. An endoscopic vascular stapling device was placed to transect the right portal pedicle en masse under direct laparoscopic vision and cholangiography guidance. Parenchymal transection and vascular control of the right hepatic vein was accomplished with harmonic scalpel, cavitron ultrasonic aspirator, bipolar diathermy, clips, and endoscopic stapling device, as appropriate. No Pringle's maneuver was used. The specimen was extracted through a suprapubic incision using an endobag. RESULTS: The operative times for the two patients were, respectively, 180 and 240 min. No blood loss occurred during the intrahepatic Glissonian dissection. Intraoperative blood loss (from the right hepatic vein) of 700 and 800 ml, respectively, was controlled laparoscopically. The postoperative periods were uneventful, with discharge, respectively, on days 6 and 7. The surgical resection margins were free of tumor. CONCLUSIONS: The laparoscopic intrahepatic Glissonian approach used for right hepatectomy is safe, simple, and reproducible. It facilitates the hepatic hilar dissection with minimal operative risk. Further implementation of this technique is encouraged to improve the outcome for patients undergoing laparoscopic liver resection.