Published for the European Society of Human Reproduction and Embryology by IRL Press
Human Reproduction vol:17 issue:6 pages:1623-1629
BACKGROUND: CO(2)-pneumoperitoneum used in endoscopic surgery induces system effects by CO(2) absorption. This study investigated the effect of the addition of O(2) to CO(2)-pneumoperitoneum, upon CO(2) absorption. METHODS: The effect of a pneumoperitoneum using 100% CO(2) or 94% CO(2) + 6% O(2) upon arterial blood gases, acid base and O(2) homeostasis was evaluated. In series A suboptimal ventilation and a pneumoperitoneum pressure (PP) of 10 mmHg was used. In series B adequate ventilation and PP of 6 mmHg was used. RESULTS: CO(2)-pneumoperitoneum profoundly affected blood gases and acid base homeostasis i.e. increasing pCO(2), HCO(3)(P < 0.001) and lactate concentrations (P < 0.05) and decreasing pH, actual base excess and standard bicarbonate (P < 0.001), resulting in metabolic hypoxaemia with desaturation, lower pO(2) (P < 0.001) and O(2)Hb (P < 0.05). These effects were more pronounced with higher PP and suboptimal ventilation. CONCLUSION: CO(2)-pneumoperitoneum profoundly affected blood gases and acid base homeostasis resulting in metabolic hypoxaemia. The addition of 6% of O(2) to the CO(2)-pneumoperitoneum prevented these effects to a large extent. If these preliminary data are confirmed in the human, the addition of a few percent of O(2) to CO(2) could become important for endoscopic surgery of long duration, especially in obese patients with limited cardiorespiratory adaptation and steep Trendelenburg.