Effect of phospholipids on isothermal crystallisation and fractionation of milk fat
Vanhoutte, Bert × Foubert, Imogen Duplacie, Frank Huyghebaert, André Dewettinck, Koen #
Wiley-v c h verlag gmbh
European journal of lipid science and technology vol:104 issue:11 pages:738-744
Milk fats with different concentrations of water and phospholipids (PL) were crystallised isothermally under static conditions and their crystallisation behaviour was monitored by Differential Scanning calorimetry (DSC) and pulsed nuclear magnetic resonance (pNMR). The Avrami and the Gompertz models, which were fitted by non-linear regression, described the crystallisation process. A significant effect of phospholipid concentration was observed using both techniques (DSC and pNMR). Especially the induction time and the Avrami growth rate constant were altered: higher amounts of PL delayed the onset of static crystallisation. A similar effect of PL on the crystallisation kinetics was observed in a small-scale fractionation. Moreover, the filtration time of the crystal suspension and melting properties of the stearin were strongly affected by the presence of higher concentrations of PL. These observations emphasise the importance of the adequate removal of PL during anhydrous milk fat production.