China Economic Review vol:20 issue:2 pages:263-264
Josef Brada, Belton Fleisher, Scott Rozelle and Jo Swinnen introduce the symposium on the economic and social implications of urbanization in China, published in Comparative Economic Studies. The Chinese government for many years followed a relatively restrictive policy towards urbanization, in part by means of policies that sought to limit rural-urban migration. Of course, such a policy of limiting urbanization came at a cost: the inability to fully capture the social and economic benefits of urban agglomeration. As a result, restrictions on urban-rural migration were gradually eased, and currently the acceleration of urbanization has become a central part of China's strategy for long-term growth. The papers introduced by Brada, Fleisher, Rozelle and Swinnen focus on agglomeration effects, the effect of industrial concentration on productivity, and social and economic consequences of rural-urban migration.