Archives of biochemistry and biophysics vol:407 issue:1 pages:32-38
One of the acyl-CoA oxidases from the yeast Yarrowia lipolytica, acyl-CoA oxidase 2 (Aox2p), has been expressed in Escherichia coli as an active, N-terminally tagged (His)(6) fusion protein. The specific activity of the purified enzyme, containing FAD, was 19.7 mumol min(-1) mg(-1) using myristoyl-CoA as substrate. Using substrates with different chain lengths and different substituents, its kinetic properties were further analyzed. Straight-chain acyl-CoAs, with a chain length of 10-14C, are well oxidized, reflecting the properties of Aox2p as deduced from in vivo studies. Acyl-CoAs containing more than 14C were also desaturated, if their concentration was below 25 muM or if proteins capable of binding these CoA-esters, such as albumin or beta-casein, were added to the assay. These long-chain acyl-CoAs, although poor substrates, acted as competitors for the short- and medium-chain substrates. Compared to palmitoyl-CoA, activity toward hexadecadioyl-CoA, containing a omega-carboxy group, was similar. Taken together, these data suggest that micelles of long-chain acyl-CoAs are able to bind and inhibit Aox2p. The enzyme was also active toward acyl-CoA-esters containing a 2-methyl group, but only the 2S isomer was recognized. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science (USA). All rights reserved.