Title: Cicer arietinum (chick pea) in the Neolithic and Chalcolithic of Bulgaria: implications for cultural contacts with the neighbouring regions?
Authors: Marinova, Elena ×
Popova, Tzvetana #
Issue Date: 1-Dec-2008
Publisher: Springer-International
Series Title: Vegetation History & Archaeobotany vol:17 issue:Supplement 1 pages:73-80
Conference: 14th Symposium of the International Work Group for Palaeoethnobotany edition:14 location:Kraków date:17-23 June, 2007
Abstract: Cicer arietinum (chick pea), is one of the
elements of the Neolithic founder crop assemblage. It was
spread from the Near East to southeastern Europe during
the Neolithic, but until recently it was not thought to have
reached further north than the territory of modern Greece.
However, the latest finds from the Bulgarian Neolithic
(6000–5450 cal B.C.) and late Chalcolithic (4450–3900 cal
B.C.) show a distribution of this crop outside the Mediterranean
region, to areas with a more temperate climate.
It seems, however, that chick pea did not appear in the
archaeobotanical record during the first stages of the
Bulgarian Neolithic period, but only in its second half, or
even later. So far, on the Thracian plain only at one site
which from a cultural point of view is strongly related to
southwest Bulgaria, have finds of chick pea appeared.
These are considered to belong to the second and last
third of the early Neolithic and originate from structures
dated from 5920–5730 to 5670–5450 cal B.C. During the
Chalcolithic of Bulgaria (around 4500 cal B.C.), Cicer
appears on the Thracian plain at Yunatzite and also to the north of the Balkan mountains at Hotnitza. The spread of
C. arietinum in the prehistoric period in southeast Europe
provides insights into some of the patterns of contacts and
interactions between today’s Bulgaria with Thessaly and
ISSN: 0939-6314
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Department of Biology - miscellaneous
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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