Isolation and identification of two isomeric trihydroxy octadecenoic acids with prostaglandin E-like activity from onion bulbs (Allium cepa)
Ustünes, L × Claeys, M Laekeman, Gert Herman, A G Vlietinck, A J Ozer, A #
Prostaglandins vol:29 issue:5 pages:847-65
Two fractions with prostaglandin E-like activity were isolated from onion (Allium cepa) by using XAD-2 adsorption, silicic acid column chromatography and thin layer chromatography. The fractions were analyzed by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry and were characterized as isomeric mixtures of 9,10,13-trihydroxy-11-octadecenoic and 9,12,13-trihydroxy-10-octadecenoic acid, which are lipoxygenase metabolites of linoleic acid. Bio-assay, for which cascade superfusion was used and the rabbit coeliac and mesenteric arteries and the rat fundus strip were employed as assay organs, was utilized to monitor the bio-active profile throughout the isolation procedures. The activity of 1 microgram of the pharmacologically active fractions T1 and T2 was found to be equivalent to that of respectively 1.33 and 0.63 ng of prostaglandin E2.