Increased surface expression of CD11b receptors on polymorphonuclear leukocytes is not sufficient to sustain phagocytosis during Escherichia coli mastitis in early postpartum dairy cows
Dosogne, H × Burvenich, C van Werven, T Roets, E Noordhuizen-Stassen, E N Goddeeris, Bruno #
Veterinary immunology and immunopathology vol:60 issue:1-2 pages:47-59
Phagocytosis, CD11a and CD11b adhesion receptor expression, O2-production and maturity of circulating polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMN) were studied during acute coliform mastitis in early postpartum dairy cows to obtain a better insight in the role of neutrophils in the pathology of this disease. The mammary gland of twelve newly calved high-yielding dairy cows was experimentally infected with Escherichia coli. Variability in clinical signs of mastitis and inhibition of milk production among cows was very high. There was a significant negative correlation between the number of circulating neutrophils immediately before infection and severity of mastitis represented by the decrease in milk production of non-infected quarters two days after infection. Pre-infection phagocytosis of E. coli, CD11a and CD11b receptor expression, phorbol myristate acetate (PMA)-induced O2-production and maturity of neutrophils on a per cell basis were not related to severity of mastitis. However, significant correlations between severity of mastitis and the total number of phagocytic PMN and mature PMN in blood immediately before infection were found. PMN characteristics responded differently to mastitis depending on the severity of the disease. Neutrophil functions from cows classified as severe (S) and moderate (M) responders to infection of the mammary gland were compared. Surface expression of CD11a receptors on PMN was decreased in all cows 24 h after infection, and this decrease was long-continued in S responders. A biphasic upregulation of the number of CD11b receptors on PMN was observed with a more pronounced response in S cows. PMN phagocytosis was decreased 12 h after infection in S cows and 18 h after infection in S and M cows and was normalized 24 h post-infection. The decrease of phagocytosis coincided with the first peak of CD11b receptor expression. Phorbol myristate acetate (PMA)-induced production of O2-by PMN was decreased for three days after infection in S responders compared to only one day in M responders and was followed by an upregulation. These data demonstrate a complexity in alterations of PMN functions during mastitis and suggest the involvement of differences in systemic factors dependent on severity of mastitis.