Journal of pharmaceutical and biomedical analysis vol:13 issue:7 pages:905-10
A thin-layer chromatography (TLC) method using UV and fluoresecence densitometry is described for the assay and purity control of minocycline (MC). With a mobile phase dichloromethane-methanol-water (57:35:8, v/v/v) and a silica gel thin-layer, previously sprayed with 10% m/v sodium edetate adjusted to pH 9.0, 4-epiminocycline and 7-didemethylminocycline were well separated from MC and from each other, 7-monodemethylminocycline and 6-deoxy-6-demethyltetracycline (6-DODMTC) were not separated from each other and were only partially separated from minocycline. 6-DODMTC was selectively determined by fluorescence densitometry, while quantification of other impurities and the assay of MC were performed by UV densitometry. Results obtained with qualitative TLC were compared with those obtained by a liquid chromatography (LC) method using a poly(styrene-divinylbenzene) copolymer stationary phase. The correlation coefficient for TLC and LC results was > 0.999. For TLC the relative standard deviation for the assay of MC at 1.25 mg ml-1 was < 3.0% (n = 4), while for LC it was < 1.0% (n = 4).