Proc. of the 8th Intern. Symposium on "Electrets" pages:313-318
Intern. Symposium on "Electrets" edition:8 location:Paris date:7-9 Sept. 1994
A novel technique is described which combines dielectric measurements with a time and frequency dependent photothermal excitation. The sample, a thin metallized film, is placed in an aluminium ring which serves as a heat sink. At different temperatures both the dielectric and pyroelectric spectra are obtained by applying sequentially an AC-voltage and a modulated heat flux to the sample. The thermal properties are assessed by the application of a local laser heating; the resulting increase in the mean sample temperature is recorded by high precision capacitance measurements at a fixed frequency. From the equilibrium increment Delta C(T) and the temperature dependence of the capacitance C(T) we can find the temperature increment Delta T(T) and thus the thermal conductivity, while from the transient response Delta C(T,t) the thermal diffusivity can be obtained. Combination of all information further yields the pyroelectric coefficient and the specific heat. Experiments on PVDF were performed at temperatures from -60 to 110 degrees C to show the capabilities of the new method.