Journal of pharmaceutical and biomedical analysis vol:43 issue:1 pages:168-73
A two-step gradient liquid chromatographic method combined with pulsed electrochemical detection is described for the determination of amikacin and its impurities. The mobile phase is composed of an aqueous solution containing 1.8g/l sodium 1-octanesulphonate, 14ml/l tetrahydrofuran, 50ml/l of phosphate buffer pH 3.0 and sodium sulphate, which was 20g/l in mobile phase A and 28g/l in mobile phase B. 0.5M sodium hydroxide was added post-column to enhance the detection. An investigation of different reversed-phase columns indicated that the Discovery (C(18), 5mum, 250mmx4.6mm i.d.) column was the most suitable. Compared to previously published investigations, the proposed method showed higher sensitivity and efficiency, allowing the separation of the main component amikacin from 16 impurities, 7 of which were of unknown identity. A central composite experimental design was used to assess the robustness. The method showed good repeatability and linearity in the assay range. The method was further applied to analyze some commercial samples.