Lecture Notes in Computer Science vol:1969 pages:228-240
Proceedings of the Annual International Symposium on Algorithms and Computation (ISAAC '00) edition:11 location:Taipei (Taiwan) date:18-20 December 2000
Given a set of jobs, each consisting of a number of weighted intervals on the real line, and a number m of machines, we study the problem of selecting a maximum weight subset of the intervals such that at most one interval is selected from each job and, for any point p on the real line, at most m intervals containing p are selected. This problem has applications in molecular biology, caching, PCB assembly, and scheduling. We give a parameterized algorithm GREEDYα and show that there are values of the parameterα so that GREEDYα produces a 1/2-approximation in the case of unit weights, a 1/8-approximation in the case of arbitrary weights, and a (3 - 2p2)-approximation in the case where the weights of all intervals corresponding to the same job are equal. Algorithm GREEDYα belongs to the class of “myopic” algorithms, which are deterministic algorithms that process the given intervals in order of non-decreasing right endpoints and can either reject or select each interval (rejections are irrevocable). We use competitive analysis to show that GREEDYα is an optimal myopic algorithm in the case of unit weights and in the case of equal weights per job, and is close to optimal in the case of arbitrary weights.