Xenobiotica; the fate of foreign compounds in biological systems vol:24 issue:1 pages:25-36
1. The metabolism of SC-42867 and SC-51089, two PGE2 antagonists, was studied in cultured rat and human hepatocytes. Both compounds possess an 8-chlorodibenzoxazepine moiety, but differ from each other by the nature of the side chain connected to the nitrogen atom. SC-42867 and SC-51089 and their in vitro metabolites were separated by reversed-phase hplc. The major metabolites of both compounds were identified by mass spectrometry (ms) analysis. 2. SC-42867 was metabolized on the tricyclic moiety only. Oxidative N-dealkylation with opening of the oxazepine ring was the major metabolic pathway obtained in rat hepatocytes. The metabolic profile obtained in cultured human hepatocytes was comparable with that of cultured rat hepatocytes. However, the compound was metabolized to a much lower extent by the human cells. 3. SC-51089 was extensively metabolized by both cultured rat and human hepatocytes. Human cells metabolized this compound quite differently than cultured rat hepatocytes. Aromatic hydroxylation with consequent glucuronidation and sulphation were the main metabolic pathways observed in cultured human hepatocytes. Oxidative N-dealkylation with opening of the oxazepine ring and consequent glucuronidation was the major metabolic pathway observed in rat hepatocytes. Further metabolism occurred, in contrast with the human hepatocytes, mainly on the side chain. 4. The present in vitro results are compared with data of previous in vivo studies performed in rat.