Title: Reactivated recombinant plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (rPAI-1) effectively prevents thrombolysis in vivo
Authors: Vaughan, D E ×
Declerck, Paul
Van Houtte, E
De Mol, M
Collen, Desire #
Issue Date: Jul-1992
Series Title: Thrombosis and haemostasis vol:68 issue:1 pages:60-3
Abstract: The effects of human recombinant plasminogen activator inhibitor (rPAI-1) on thrombolysis with recombinant tissue-type plasminogen activator (rt-PA) were studied in a rabbit model of jugular vein thrombosis. Two functionally distinct rPAI-1 preparations were used in these experiments, including latent rPAI-1 (approximately 2 units of t-PA neutralizing activity per micrograms protein) and reactivated rPAI-1 (approximately 150 units/micrograms). Simultaneous intravenous infusion over 4 h of 1.7 mg/kg of reactivated rPAI-1 (inhibitory capacity approximately 0.5 mg/kg rt-PA) with 0.5 mg/kg of rt-PA completely prevented lysis of a jugular venous thrombus, whereas an equivalent amount of latent PAI-1 did not significantly influence clot lysis. These findings demonstrate that reactivated human rPAI-1 efficiently neutralizes thrombolysis with rt-PA in vivo. Since previous studies have suggested that elevated endogenous levels of PAI-1 do not attenuate the thrombolytic potency of rt-PA in the endotoxin-treated model, we compared the stability of complexes formed by 125I-rt-PA with reactivated human rPAI-1 and with rabbit PAI-1 in vitro. Our findings indicate that both forms of PAI-1 form SDS-stable complexes following incubation with 125I-rt-PA. Thus, it seems likely that elevated levels of active PAI-1 can negate the thrombolytic effects of rt-PA in vivo and argues against the possibility that t-PA can dissociate from PAI-1 and have its activity restored in the presence of a thrombus.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
ISSN: 0340-6245
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Molecular and Vascular Biology
Laboratory for Pharmaceutical Biology (-)
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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