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Title: Synthesis and anti-HIV evaluation of 2',3'-dideoxyribo-5-chloropyrimidine analogues: reduced toxicity of 5-chlorinated 2',3'-dideoxynucleosides
Authors: Van Aerschot, Arthur ×
Everaert, D
Balzarini, Jan
Augustyns, K
Jie, L
Janssen, Gerardus
Peeters, Oswald
Blaton, Norbert
De Ranter, Camiel
De Clercq, Erik
Herdewijn, Piet #
Issue Date: Jun-1990
Publisher: Amer chemical soc
Series Title: Journal of Medicinal Chemistry vol:33 issue:6 pages:1833-9
Abstract: In view of the selective anti-HIV activity of 2',3'-dideoxy-3'-fluoro-5-chlorouridine (11), a series of eight 2',3'-dideoxy-5-chloropyrimidines were synthesized and evaluated for their inhibitory activity against human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) replication in MT-4 cells. A marked improvement in selectivity was noted for the 5-chlorouracil derivatives of 2,3-dideoxyribofuranose, 3-azido-2,3-dideoxyribofuranose, and 3-fluoro-2,3-dideoxyribofuranose, mainly due to decreased toxicity of the compounds for the host cells. While chlorination of 2',3'-dideoxycytidine removed the anti-HIV activity, introduction of a chlorine at the C-5 position of 3'-fluoro-, 3'-azido- or 2',3'-didehydro-2',3'-dideoxycytidine led to reduced cytotoxicity with only slightly reduced anti-HIV activity. X-ray analysis showed compound 11 to have two molecules in the asymmetric unit with chi = -168.8 (3) degrees and -131.3 (3) degrees and P = 179 (1) degree and 163 (1) degree, respectively; thus revealing no close resemblance to 3'-azido-3'-deoxythymidine (AZT).
ISSN: 0022-2623
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Laboratory of Virology and Chemotherapy (Rega Institute)
Biocrystallography
Cell Metabolism
Medicinal Chemistry (Rega Institute)
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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