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Title: Determination of the excited-state lifetimes of the tryptophan residues in barnase, via multifrequency phase fluorometry of tryptophan mutants
Authors: Willaert, K ×
Loewenthal, R
Sancho, J
Froeyen, Mathy
Fersht, A
Engelborghs, Yves #
Issue Date: Jan-1992
Series Title: Biochemistry vol:31 issue:3 pages:711-6
Abstract: A multifrequency phase fluorometric study is described for wild-type barnase and engineered mutant proteins in which tryptophan residues have been replaced by less fluorescent residues which do not interfere with the determination of the tryptophan emission spectra and lifetimes. The lifetimes of the three tryptophans in the wild-type protein have been resolved. Trp-35 has a single fluorescence lifetime, which varies in the different proteins between 4.3 and 4.8 ns and is pH-independent between pH 5.8 and 8.9. Trp-71 and Trp-94 behave as an energy-transfer couple with both forward and reverse energy transfer. The couple shows two fluorescence lifetimes: 2.42 (+/-0.2) and 0.74 (+/-0.1) ns at pH 8.9, and 0.89 (+/-0.05) and 0.65 (+/-0.05) ns at pH 5.8. In the mutant Trp-94----Phe the lifetime of Trp-71 is 4.73 (+/-0.008) ns at high pH and 4.70 (+/-0.004) ns at low pH. In the mutant Trp-71----Tyr, the lifetime of Trp-94 is 1.57 (+/-0.01) ns at high pH and 0.82 (+/-0.025) ns at low pH. From these lifetimes, one-way energy-transfer efficiencies can be calculated according to Porter [Porter, G.B. (1972) Theor. Chim. Acta 24, 265-270]. At pH 8.9, a 71% efficiency was found for forward transfer (from Trp-71 to Trp-94) and 36% for reverse transfer. At pH 5.8 the transfer efficiency was 86% for forward and 4% for reverse transfer (all +/-2%). These transfer efficiencies correspond fairly well with the ones calculated according to the theory of Förster [Förster, T. (1948) Ann. Phys. (Leipzig) 2, 55-75].(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
ISSN: 0006-2960
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Biochemistry, Molecular and Structural Biology Section
Medicinal Chemistry (Rega Institute)
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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