Title: 2',3'-Didehydro-2',3'-dideoxy-5-chlorocytidine is a selective anti-retrovirus agent
Authors: Balzarini, Jan ×
Van Aerschot, Arthur
Herdewijn, Piet
De Clercq, Erik #
Issue Date: Nov-1989
Series Title: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications vol:164 issue:3 pages:1190-1197
Abstract: 2',3'-Didehydro-2',3'-dideoxy-5-chlorocytidine (D4CC) is, in contrast with 2',3'-dideoxy-5-chlorocytidine (ddClCyd) and 2',3'-didehydro-2',3'-dideoxy-5-chlorouridine (D4CU), a potent and selective inhibitor of the replication of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) types 1 and 2, simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV) and simian AIDS related virus (SRV). D4CC is a poor inhibitor of the phosphorylation of [5-3H]2'-deoxycytidine (dCyd) by partially purified MT-4 cell dCyd kinase (Ki: 612 microM). The findings that (i) D4CC has little, if any, affinity for MT-4 cell Cyd/dCyd deaminase, (ii) D4CU is not antivirally active and (iii) the antiretroviral action of D4CC can be reversed by dCyd, but not dThd, indicate that D4CC is antivirally active as its Cyd metabolite (D4CC 5'-triphosphate) and does not need to be deaminated (to the corresponding Urd metabolite) to exert its antiretroviral action.
ISSN: 0006-291X
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Laboratory of Virology and Chemotherapy (Rega Institute)
Medicinal Chemistry (Rega Institute)
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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