Title: An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for urokinase-type plasminogen activator (u-PA) and mutants and chimeras containing the serine protease domain of u-PA
Authors: Declerck, Paul ×
Van Keer, L
Verstreken, M
Collen, Desire #
Issue Date: Jan-1992
Series Title: Thrombosis and haemostasis vol:67 issue:1 pages:95-100
Abstract: An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for quantitation of natural and recombinant plasminogen activators containing the serine protease domain (B-chain) of urokinase-type plasminogen activator (u-PA) was developed, based on two murine monoclonal antibodies, MA-4D1E8 and MA-2L3, raised against u-PA and reacting with non-overlapping epitopes in the B-chain. MA-4D1E8 was coated on microtiter plates and bound antigen was quantitated with MA-2L3 conjugated with horseradish peroxidase. The intra-assay, inter-assay and inter-dilution coefficients of variation of the assay were 6%, 15% and 9%, respectively. Using recombinant single-chain u-PA (rscu-PA) as a standard, the u-PA-related antigen level in normal human plasma was 1.4 +/- 0.6 ng/ml (mean +/- SD, n = 27). The ELISA recognized the following compounds with comparable sensitivity: intact scu-PA (amino acids, AA, 1 to 411), scu-PA-32k (AA 144 to 411), a truncated (thrombin-derived) scu-PA comprising AA 157 to 411, and chimeric t-PA/u-PA molecules including t-PA(AA1-263)/scu-PA(AA144-411), t-PA(AA1-274)/scu-PA(AA138-411) and t-PA(AA87-274)/scu-PA(AA138-411). Conversion of single-chain to two-chain forms of u-PA or inhibition of active two-chain forms with plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 or with the active site serine inhibitor phenyl-methyl-sulfonyl fluoride, did not alter the reactivity in the assay. In contrast, inactivation with alpha 2-antiplasmin or with the active site histidine inhibitor Glu-Gly-Arg-CH2Cl resulted in a 3- to 5-fold reduction of the reactivity.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
ISSN: 0340-6245
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Molecular and Vascular Biology
Laboratory for Pharmaceutical Biology (-)
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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