Capillary electrophoresis (CE) represents a decisive step forward in stereoselective analysis. The present paper deals with the theoretical aspects of the quantitation of peak separation in chiral CE. Because peak shape is very different in CE with respect to high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), the resolution factor Rs, commonly used to describe the extent of separation between enantiomers as well as unrelated compounds, is demonstrated to be of limited value for the assessment of chiral separations in CE. Instead, the conjunct use of a relative chiral separation factor (RCS) and the percent chiral separation (% CS) is advocated. An array of examples is given to illustrate this. The practical aspects of method development using maltodextrins--which have been proposed previously as a major innovation in chiral selectors applicable in CE--are documented with the stereoselective analysis of coumarinic anticoagulant drugs. The possibilities of quantitation using CE were explored under two extreme conditions. Using ibuprofen, it has been demonstrated that enantiomeric excess determinations are possible down to a 1% level of optical contamination and stereoselective determinations are still possible with a good precision near the detection limit, increasing sample load by very long injection times. The theoretical aspects of this possibility are addressed in the discussion.