Journal of Medicinal Chemistry vol:33 issue:2 pages:868-873
Various 3'-deoxythymidine analogues with an heterocyclic five-membered ring in the 3'-erythro position have been synthesized. The pyrrol-1-yl (3) and the 1,2,4-triazol-4-yl (5) compounds were synthesized from 1-(3-amino-2,3-dideoxy-beta-D-erythro-pentofuranosyl)thymine. The pyrazol-1-yl (16a), imidazol-1-yl (16b), and 1,2,4-triazol-1-yl (16c) derivatives were obtained by epoxide opening of the corresponding 1-(2,3-anhydro-beta-D-lyxofuranosyl)thymines followed by 2'-deoxygenation. Only the 3'-pyrrol-1-yl derivative showed marginal antiviral activity against human immunodeficiency virus.