Title: Atypical Mowat-Wilson patient confirms the importance of the novel association between ZFHX1B/SIP1 and NuRD corepressor complex
Authors: Verstappen, Griet ×
Van Grunsven, Leonardus
Michiels, Christine
Van de Putte, Tom
Souopgui, Jacob
Van Damme, Jozef
Bellefroid, Eric
Vandekerckhove, Joël
Huylebroeck, Danny #
Issue Date: Apr-2008
Publisher: IRL Press
Series Title: Human Molecular Genetics vol:17 issue:8 pages:1175-83
Abstract: Mutations in ZFHX1B cause Mowat-Wilson syndrome (MWS) but the precise mechanisms underlying the aberrant functions of mutant ZFHX1B proteins (also named Smad-interacting protein-1, SIP1) in patients are unknown. Using mass spectrometry analysis, we identified subunits of the NuRD corepressor complex in affinity-purified Zfhx1b complexes. We find that Zfhx1b associates with NuRD through its N-terminal domain, which contains a previously postulated NuRD interacting motif. Interestingly, this motif is substituted by an unrelated sequence in a recently described MWS patient. We show here that such aberrant ZFHX1B protein is unable to recruit NuRD subunits and displays reduced transcriptional repression activity on the XBMP4 gene promoter, a target of Zfhx1b. We further demonstrate that the NuRD component Mi-2beta is involved in repression of the Zfhx1b target gene E-cadherin as well as in Zfhx1b-induced neural induction in animal caps from Xenopus embryos. Thus, NuRD and Zfhx1b functionally interact, and defective NuRD recruitment by mutant human ZFHX1B can be a MWS-causing mechanism. This is the first study providing mechanistic insight into the aberrant function of a single domain of the multi-domain protein ZFHX1B/SIP1 in human disease.
ISSN: 0964-6906
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Molecular Biology (Celgen) (-)
Molecular Genetics Section (-)
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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