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Title: Evaluation of hypoxia in an experimental rat tumour model by [(18)F]fluoromisonidazole PET and immunohistochemistry
Authors: Dubois, Ludwig ×
Landuyt, W
Haustermans, Karin
Dupont, Patrick
Bormans, Guy
Vermaelen, Peter
Flamen, P
Verbeken, Eric
Mortelmans, Luc #
Issue Date: Nov-2004
Series Title: British Journal of Cancer vol:91 issue:11 pages:1947-1954
Abstract: This study aimed to evaluate tumour hypoxia by comparing [(18)F]Fluoromisonidazole uptake measured using positron emission tomography ([(18)F]FMISO-PET) with immunohistochemical (IHC) staining techniques. Syngeneic rhabdomyosarcoma (R1) tumour pieces were transplanted subcutaneously in the flanks of WAG/Rij rats. Tumours were analysed at volumes between 0.9 and 7.3 cm(3). Hypoxic volumes were defined using a 3D region of interest on 2 h postinjection [(18)F]FMISO-PET images, applying different thresholds (1.2-3.0). Monoclonal antibodies to pimonidazole (PIMO) and carbonic anhydrase IX (CA IX), exogenous and endogenous markers of hypoxia, respectively, were used for IHC staining. Marker-positive fractions were microscopically measured for each tumour, and hypoxic volumes were calculated. A heterogeneous distribution of hypoxia was observed both with histology and [(18)F]FMISO autoradiography. A statistically significant correlation (P<0.05) was obtained between the hypoxic volumes defined with [(18)F]FMISO-PET and the volumes derived from the PIMO-stained tumour sections (r=0.9066; P=0.0001), regardless of the selected threshold between 1.4 and 2.2. A similar observation was made with the CA IX staining (r=0.8636; P=0.0006). The relationship found between [(18)F]FMISO-PET and PIMO- and additionally CA IX-derived hypoxic volumes in rat rhabdomyosarcomas indicates the value of the noninvasive imaging method to measure hypoxia in whole tumours.
URI: 
ISSN: 0007-0920
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Nuclear Medicine & Molecular Imaging
Laboratory of Experimental Radiotherapy
Radiopharmacy
Translational Cell & Tissue Research
Research Group Experimental Neurology
Laboratory for Cognitive Neurology
Laboratory of Molecular Bacteriology (Rega Institute)
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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