Title: Stability of mixed PEO-thiol SAMs for biosensing applications
Authors: Jans, Karolien ×
Bonroy, Kristien
De Palma, Randy
Reekmans, Gunter
Jans, Hilde
Laureyn, Wim
Smet, Mario
Borghs, Gustaaf
Maes, Guido #
Issue Date: Apr-2008
Publisher: Amer chemical soc
Series Title: Langmuir vol:24 issue:8 pages:3949-3954
Abstract: The secret of a successful affinity biosensor partially hides in the chemical interface layer between the transducer system and the biological receptor Molecules. Over the past decade, several methodologies for the construction of such interface layers have been developed on the basis of the deposition of self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) of alkanethiols on gold. Moreover, mixed SAMs of polyethylene oxide (PEO) containing thiols have been applied for the immobilization of biological receptors. Despite the intense research in the field of thiol SAMs, relatively little is known about their biosensing properties in correlation with their long-term stability. Especially the impact of the storage conditions on their biosensing characteristics has not been reported before to our knowledge. To address these issues, we prepared mixed PEO SAMs and tested their stability and biosensing performance in several storage conditions, i.e., air, N-2, ethanol, phosphate buffer, and H2O. The quality of the SAMs was monitored as a function of time using various characterization techniques such as cyclic voltammetry, contact angle, grazing angle Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. In addition, the impact of the different storage conditions on the biosensor properties was investigated using surface plasmon resonance. Via the latter technique, the receptor immobilization, the analyte recognition, and the nonspecific binding were extensively studied using the prostate specific antigen as a model system. Our experiments showed that very small structural differences in the SAM can have a great impact in their final biosensing properties. In addition it was shown that the mixed SAMs stored in anor N-2 are very stable and retain their biosensor properties for at least 30 days, while ethanol appeared to be the worst storage medium due to partial oxidation of the thiol headgroup. In conclusion, care must be taken to avoid SAM degradation during storage to retain typical SAM characteristics, which is very important for their general use in many proposed applications.
ISSN: 0743-7463
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Quantum Chemistry and Physical Chemistry Section
Molecular Design and Synthesis
Semiconductor Physics Section
Polymer Chemistry and Materials
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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