Title: The inhibition of thromboxane synthesis has no influence on HgCl2-induced acute renal failure in the rat
Authors: Vanholder, R ×
Laekeman, Gert
Herman, A
Saragananda, B
Waterloos, M A
Kesteloot, D
Lámeire, N #
Issue Date: Jan-1989
Series Title: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation vol:4 issue:7 pages:625-31
Abstract: Renal function parameters and urinary thromboxane B2-excretion were studied in the rat in HgCl2-induced acute renal failure. Studies were performed before and 3 h after the inhibition of thromboxane synthesis alone, after HgCl2 alone, or after the combination of HgCl2 and thromboxane-synthesis inhibition. Thromboxane-synthesis inhibition alone by indomethacin (5 mg/kg i.v.), imidazole (25 and 50 mumol/kg per min i.v.) and dazoxiben (5 mg/kg i.v.) had no effect on glomerular filtration rate (GFR) or para-aminohippuric acid clearance (CPAH), whereas urinary thromboxane excretion was suppressed. Only the administration of the selective blockers imidazole and dazoxiben resulted in a marked increase in urinary volume (V) and fractional sodium excretion (FENa). HgCl2 alone (2 mg/kg i.v.) caused a decrease in GFR and CPAH with -38% (P less than 0.01), and urinary thromboxane B2 excretion increased from 20.3 +/- 1.5 to 30.6 +/- 2.6 pg/min. (P less than 0.01). The administration of indomethacin, imidazole (50 mumol/kg per min) and dazoxiben prevented the increase in thromboxane B2 excretion 3 h after HgCl2 to values of 3.3 +/- 1.2, 6.9 +/- 0.6 and 13.0 +/- 1.6 pg/min respectively (P less than 0.01 versus control for all values). Despite this, the decrease in GFR and CPAH after HgCl2 could not be prevented. A decrease of GFR with -44, -54, -57 and -32% and of CPAH with -37, -49, -57 and -27% were observed for indomethacin, imidazole 25 and 50 mumol/kg per min and dazoxiben respectively. This evolution was not significantly different from what was observed with mercury alone. Selective thromboxane synthesis inhibition resulted in a decrease of serum free ionised calcium.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
ISSN: 0931-0509
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Research Centre for Pharmaceutical Care and Pharmaco-economics (-)
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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