Solid State Ionics vol:179 issue:27-32 pages:1531-1534
A suspension stabilizer-coating technique was employed to prepare x mol% Yb2O3 or Gd2O3 (x=1.0, 2.0, 3.0 and 4.0) co-stabilized 1.0 or 2.0 mol% Y2O3 doped ZrO2 nanopowders (xYb1Y, xYb2Y, xGd1Y). Fully dense Yb2O3/Gd2O3 and Y2O3 co-doped ZrO2 ceramics were obtained by means of pressureless sintering in air at 1450 degrees C. Phase assemblage, microstructure measurements indicated that polycrystalline tetragonal ZrO2 (TZP) was achieved in the 1Yb1-2Y and 1Gd1-2Y grades, whereas the 4Yb1-2Y ceramic was almost fully stabilized cubic ZrO2 (FSZ) and all other investigated stabilizer combinations resulted in partially stabilized zirconia. (PSZ). Complex impedance analysis showed that the conductivity of the xGd1Y and xYb1-2Y co-doped zirconia. ceramics increased with increasing Gd2O3 and Yb2O3 content. The xGd1Y grade had a lower conductivity than the xYb1Y and xYb2Y ceramics. The conductivity behaviour was assessed and explained in terms of the cubic phase content and dopant ionic radius. (C) 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.