Journal of women's health (2002) vol:13 issue:7 pages:834-844
Recently, there has been a great deal of interest in the design and application of different dosage forms via the vaginal route. Several studies have proven that the vagina is an effective route for drug administration intended mainly for local action, but systemic effects of some drugs also can be attained. The major advantages of this route include accessibility, good blood supply, the ability to bypass first-pass liver metabolism, and permeability to large molecular weight drugs, such as peptides and proteins. Among the delivery systems proposed for this route is the use of intravaginal gels, which have been found to be potential vaginal drug delivery systems. The bioadhesives used in the formulation of gels play a key role in the release of the drug through the attachment to the vaginal mucosa, where the drug diffuses from the gel to the mucus.