Docetaxel (taxotere) in advanced malignant melanoma: a phase II study of the EORTC Early Clinical Trials Group
Aamdal, S. × Wolff, I. Kaplan, S. Paridaens, Robert Kerger, J. Schachter, J. Wanders, J. Franklin, H.R. Verweij, J. #
European journal of cancer vol:30 pages:1061-1064
The antitumour activity of docetaxel was investigated in patients with advanced malignant melanoma. Docetaxel, 100 mg/m2, intravenous, over 60 min, was administered every 3 weeks. Response evaluation was performed after two cycles. No prophylactic treatment with steroids or antihistamines was given. 38 patients were included, 36 were eligible and evaluable for toxicity and 30 patients were evaluable for response. The main haematological toxicity was neutropenia [17 patients with common toxicity criteria (CTC) grade 4 and 11 CTC grade 3] with nadir after 5-8 days and rapid recovery. The most frequent non-haematological toxicity was generalised alopecia (83% of the patients). Asthenia, malaise and fatigue were also seen in 58%. Skin toxicity was also frequent. Hypersensitivity reactions (erythematous rash, urticaria, blood pressure changes and tachycardia), seen in 42% of the patients, were mild to moderate. Oedema was registered in one fifth of the patients and developed after four or more treatment cycles. The overall response rate in the evaluable patients was 17% (five partial responders). We conclude that docetaxel has activity in advanced malignant melanoma.